What Would Happen if a Human did NOT Sleep at ALL?

An interesting detail is that studies of various humans and animals going for long periods without sleep don’t show significant short or long term health effects — when you eventually do die from lack of sleep, it’s probably not from a nasty cold that got out of control.

Anecdotally, not getting enough sleep (as opposed to getting none at all) does significantly increase your chance of getting sick, but I don’t see any research on that. Perhaps the sickness thing is related to stress.

You might experience something like the following:

  • 24 hours — Mild delirium, mood swings and periods of intense sleepiness or activity
  • 48 hours — Impaired coordination, hormonal changes and decreased general memory function, but improved short-term memory (according to at least one study)
  • 72 hours — Visual hallucinations and unintentional periods of “microsleep” (a few seconds to a minute of blacking out)
  • 100+ hours — Re-enactment of Fight Club
  • 11+ days — Win the prize for longest period a human has voluntarily gone without sleep (current holder is one Randy Gardner)
  • 2+ weeks — Some chance of death. Experiments with rats showed that they died after 2-4 weeks of researchers keeping them awake in an experimental setting, probably from hypermetabolism
  • 6+ months — Certain death; staying awake this long is only associated with rare disorders like Fatal familial insomnia

Randy Gardner, a student at Point Loma High School in San Diego, California, went without sleep for 11 days in a bid for the Guinness World Record for continuous wakefulness. He suffered bouts of dizziness, memory loss, slurred speech, hallucinations, and even paranoia over the course of the 264-hour experiment, but at no time did he exhibit anything resembling the extreme behaviors allegedly observed by the Russian researchers. Gardner reportedly slept for 14 hours straight when the project was over and awoke feeling rested and alert. He suffered no lasting ill effects.

But we think that you need to follow our article on How Much Sleep You Need According To Your Age and have a Healthy Life.